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    Canada's History
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The story of Eileen Vollick is on newsstands now in the June-July 2018 issue of Canada's History magazine!
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#canadashistory #canada #aviation #womenshistory #canadianhistory #history #femalepilots #pilots #planes #Hamilton #cancon #magazine #publishing #comeoneileen #canadianmagazines
The story of Beautiful Joe is a heartbreaking and heartwarming tale of a dog’s life. The February issue of Kayak tells a fictionalized account of how Ontario’s Margaret Marshall Saunders wrote a beloved bestseller about Joe. This animation was created by he incredibly talented Harmony Barkman, a 14-year-old student from Maples Met School, in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Use the link in bio to read the story. .
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#canadianhistory #history #animalhistory #literature #canlit #childrensliterature #cdnhist #animation
The story of Beautiful Joe is a heartbreaking and heartwarming tale of a dog’s life. The February issue of Kayak tells a fictionalized account of how Ontario’s Margaret Marshall Saunders wrote a beloved bestseller about Joe. This animation was created by he incredibly talented Harmony Barkman, a 14-year-old student from Maples Met School, in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Use the link in bio to read the story. . . . . . . #canadianhistory  #history  #animalhistory  #literature  #canlit  #childrensliterature  #cdnhist  #animation 
The cover design for this issue began with the Treaty phrase “As long as the sun shines, the grass grows, and the waters flow” represented by three colours (red, green, and blue). These colours were then interwoven to resemble a sweetgrass braid, traditionally signifying mind, body, and spirit, and in this case also representing the three parties in the Treaty relationship (the First Nations, the Crown, and the Creator). The end of the braid includes twenty-one individual strands representing seven past generations, seven future generations, and the Seven Sacred Teachings. The design was a collaboration between artist @kennethlavallee and graphic designer Andrew Workman. Link in bio!
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La couverture de ce numéro est inspirée de la phrase « Aussi longtemps que le soleil brille, que l’herbe pousse et que l’eau coule », symbolisée par trois couleurs (rouge, vert et bleu). Ces couleurs ont été entrelacées pour ressembler à une tresse de foin d’odeur, et désignent traditionnellement l’âme, le corps et l’esprit, mais également dans ce contexte, les trois parties des Traités (les Premières Nations, la Couronne et le Créateur). L’extrémité de la tresse est formée de 21 brins représentant sept générations précédentes, sept générations futures et les Sept enseignements sacrés. Cette oeuvre est le fruit d’une collaboration entre l’artiste Kenneth Lavallee et le graphiste Andrew Workman. .
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#treaties #canadianhistory #historyrelevance #cdnhist #treatyhistory #coverdesign #art #cdnmags #sweetgrass
The cover design for this issue began with the Treaty phrase “As long as the sun shines, the grass grows, and the waters flow” represented by three colours (red, green, and blue). These colours were then interwoven to resemble a sweetgrass braid, traditionally signifying mind, body, and spirit, and in this case also representing the three parties in the Treaty relationship (the First Nations, the Crown, and the Creator). The end of the braid includes twenty-one individual strands representing seven past generations, seven future generations, and the Seven Sacred Teachings. The design was a collaboration between artist @kennethlavallee and graphic designer Andrew Workman. Link in bio! - La couverture de ce numéro est inspirée de la phrase « Aussi longtemps que le soleil brille, que l’herbe pousse et que l’eau coule », symbolisée par trois couleurs (rouge, vert et bleu). Ces couleurs ont été entrelacées pour ressembler à une tresse de foin d’odeur, et désignent traditionnellement l’âme, le corps et l’esprit, mais également dans ce contexte, les trois parties des Traités (les Premières Nations, la Couronne et le Créateur). L’extrémité de la tresse est formée de 21 brins représentant sept générations précédentes, sept générations futures et les Sept enseignements sacrés. Cette oeuvre est le fruit d’une collaboration entre l’artiste Kenneth Lavallee et le graphiste Andrew Workman. . . . . . . #treaties  #canadianhistory  #historyrelevance  #cdnhist  #treatyhistory  #coverdesign  #art  #cdnmags  #sweetgrass 
Does the sight of a blossoming rose or a sunset touches the deepest part of your soul? You must be a romantic! Find out for sure with this Love at First Site quiz prepared by @parks.canada /
La vue d'une rose ou d'un coucher de soleil vous apporte-t-elle une paix intérieure? Vous êtes un grand romantique! Confirmez-le grâce à ce jeu-questionnaire amusant préparé par @parcs.canada .
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 #SaintValentin #Romantique #Lespritlibre #Aventurier #Aventurière #Enjoué#Enjouée #Décontracte #Décontractée #ParcsCanada #HistoireCanada #Lieuxhistoriquesnationaux #LoveAtFirstSite #CoupeDeFoudreHistorique #Explore #ExploreCanada #ValentinesDay #CanadasHistory #ParksCanada #HistoricSites #BuiltHeritage#NationalHistoricSite #Romantic
Does the sight of a blossoming rose or a sunset touches the deepest part of your soul? You must be a romantic! Find out for sure with this Love at First Site quiz prepared by @parks.canada / La vue d'une rose ou d'un coucher de soleil vous apporte-t-elle une paix intérieure? Vous êtes un grand romantique! Confirmez-le grâce à ce jeu-questionnaire amusant préparé par @parcs.canada . . . . . . #SaintValentin  #Romantique  #Lespritlibre  #Aventurier  #Aventurière  #Enjoué #Enjouée  #Décontracte  #Décontractée  #ParcsCanada  #HistoireCanada  #Lieuxhistoriquesnationaux  #LoveAtFirstSite  #CoupeDeFoudreHistorique  #Explore  #ExploreCanada  #ValentinesDay  #CanadasHistory  #ParksCanada  #HistoricSites  #BuiltHeritage #NationalHistoricSite  #Romantic 
We are at the Manitoba Museum this afternoon for the opening of the Snapshots of Canada exhibition. Check out this cool design! Swipe for image description. 
This travelling exhibition was a collaboration between the Canadian Museum of History and Canada’s History Society. 
#snapshotsofcanada #winnipeg #montreal #blackhistorymonth #history #exhibit #cdnhist #canadashistory
Want to have some lighthearted fun this week? Take this quiz to find out what type of historic site is a perfect match for you! Link in bio
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Vous avez besoin d’un peu de légèreté et d’évasion cette semaine? Répondez à ce questionnaire pour connaître quel serait pour vous le site historique le plus intéressant à visiter! . . .
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#SaintValentin #Romantique #Lespritlibre #Aventurier #Aventurière #Enjoué #Enjouée #Décontracte #Décontractée #ParcsCanada #HistoireCanada#Lieuxhistoriquesnationaux #LoveAtFirstSite #CoupeDeFoudreHistorique #Explore #ExploreCanada #ValentinesDay #CanadasHistory #ParksCanada #HistoricSites #BuiltHeritage #NationalHistoricSite #Romantic #Whimsical #Relaxed
Want to have some lighthearted fun this week? Take this quiz to find out what type of historic site is a perfect match for you! Link in bio _ Vous avez besoin d’un peu de légèreté et d’évasion cette semaine? Répondez à ce questionnaire pour connaître quel serait pour vous le site historique le plus intéressant à visiter! . . . . . . . . . #SaintValentin  #Romantique  #Lespritlibre  #Aventurier  #Aventurière  #Enjoué  #Enjouée  #Décontracte  #Décontractée  #ParcsCanada  #HistoireCanada #Lieuxhistoriquesnationaux  #LoveAtFirstSite  #CoupeDeFoudreHistorique  #Explore  #ExploreCanada  #ValentinesDay  #CanadasHistory  #ParksCanada  #HistoricSites  #BuiltHeritage  #NationalHistoricSite  #Romantic  #Whimsical  #Relaxed 
A Second World War-era photo illustrates Canada’s determination to defeat Nazis. 
Submitted by Anita Hochstein of Glastonbury, Connecticut. 
This photo shows my mom, Helen Schrempp Hochstein, and her brother Wilfred Schrempp, both of Twin Butte, Alta., in Ottawa in 1943. Born in 1913 and 1916, respectively, Wilf and Helen were the third and fourth children of Bertha Lattman and Fred Schrempp. Bertha and Fred homesteaded at Twin Butte after coming from Hartington, Neb., around 1905 with a group of other ranchers, mostly of German descent.

Both Helen and Wilf graduated from the Normal School in Calgary and taught locally until the Second World War. Mom and her friend Mary McIntyre Schmidt took the train to Ottawa after passing an employment test for work with the Canadian government. Mom worked for the Canadian Army, and Uncle Wilf visited her there while serving in the Army. Wilf also served in the Pacific theatre and brought home a real grass skirt from Tahiti.

After the war, Wilf ranched and taught in the Twin Butte area until he died in 1982. Mom went back to Twin Butte in 1944 to marry Dr. Francis A. Hochstein, who was also the son of homesteaders from Nebraska. Dad studied at the University of Chicago and at MIT in Massachusetts before a long career with Pfizer.

Mom passed away in 2002, but she always spoke fondly of Ottawa and of how she passed up a chance to be photographed by Yousuf Karsh.

This article originally appeared in the December 2017-January 2018 issue of Canada's History magazine.
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#lestweforget #weremember #remembranceday #history #canadianhistory #canadashistory #ww2 #wwii #nazis #victory #familyhistory #ottawa #calgary
A Second World War-era photo illustrates Canada’s determination to defeat Nazis. Submitted by Anita Hochstein of Glastonbury, Connecticut. This photo shows my mom, Helen Schrempp Hochstein, and her brother Wilfred Schrempp, both of Twin Butte, Alta., in Ottawa in 1943. Born in 1913 and 1916, respectively, Wilf and Helen were the third and fourth children of Bertha Lattman and Fred Schrempp. Bertha and Fred homesteaded at Twin Butte after coming from Hartington, Neb., around 1905 with a group of other ranchers, mostly of German descent. Both Helen and Wilf graduated from the Normal School in Calgary and taught locally until the Second World War. Mom and her friend Mary McIntyre Schmidt took the train to Ottawa after passing an employment test for work with the Canadian government. Mom worked for the Canadian Army, and Uncle Wilf visited her there while serving in the Army. Wilf also served in the Pacific theatre and brought home a real grass skirt from Tahiti. After the war, Wilf ranched and taught in the Twin Butte area until he died in 1982. Mom went back to Twin Butte in 1944 to marry Dr. Francis A. Hochstein, who was also the son of homesteaders from Nebraska. Dad studied at the University of Chicago and at MIT in Massachusetts before a long career with Pfizer. Mom passed away in 2002, but she always spoke fondly of Ottawa and of how she passed up a chance to be photographed by Yousuf Karsh. This article originally appeared in the December 2017-January 2018 issue of Canada's History magazine. . . . . . #lestweforget  #weremember  #remembranceday  #history  #canadianhistory  #canadashistory  #ww2  #wwii  #nazis  #victory  #familyhistory  #ottawa  #calgary 
Canada’s History Society announces the recipients of the 2017 Governor General’s History Awards! Link in bio for more details 
La Société Histoire Canada annonce les lauréats 2017 des Prix d’histoire du Gouverneur général! -
Excellence in Community Programming

Recognizes unique local and community history projects (awarded by Canada’s History). The winners are:
Photo 3: The Société d’histoire de Sherbrooke for its History Goes to the Market event; Sherbrooke, Quebec
Photo 4: The Exploration Place Museum and Science Centre and the Lheidli T'enneh First Nation for the new Hodul’eh-a: A Place of Learning gallery; Prince George, BC
Excellence in Teaching

Recognizes eight exemplary teachers or teams of teachers who are “leaders” in the classroom (awarded by Canada’s History, with the support of TD Bank and EF Educational Tours). The winners are:
Photo 5: Marc Mailhot and Lynda Brown, Montgomery Village Public School; Orangeville, Ontario
Photo 6: Janet Ruest, Chemainus Secondary School; Chemainus, BC
Photo 7: Rob Flosman, Waterdown District High School; Waterdown, Ontario
Photo 8: Armand Doucet, Riverview High School; Riverview, New Brunswick
Photo 9: Naomi Fortier-Fréçon and Leia Laing, Multi-school project; Regina, Saskatchewan
Photo 10: Glen Thielmann, D.P. Todd Secondary School; Prince George, BC
#gghistaward #prixhistoiregg #canadashistory #canadianhistory #history #governorgeneral #awards #educators #musuems
Canada’s History Society announces the recipients of the 2017 Governor General’s History Awards! Link in bio for more details La Société Histoire Canada annonce les lauréats 2017 des Prix d’histoire du Gouverneur général! - Excellence in Community Programming Recognizes unique local and community history projects (awarded by Canada’s History). The winners are: Photo 3: The Société d’histoire de Sherbrooke for its History Goes to the Market event; Sherbrooke, Quebec Photo 4: The Exploration Place Museum and Science Centre and the Lheidli T'enneh First Nation for the new Hodul’eh-a: A Place of Learning gallery; Prince George, BC Excellence in Teaching Recognizes eight exemplary teachers or teams of teachers who are “leaders” in the classroom (awarded by Canada’s History, with the support of TD Bank and EF Educational Tours). The winners are: Photo 5: Marc Mailhot and Lynda Brown, Montgomery Village Public School; Orangeville, Ontario Photo 6: Janet Ruest, Chemainus Secondary School; Chemainus, BC Photo 7: Rob Flosman, Waterdown District High School; Waterdown, Ontario Photo 8: Armand Doucet, Riverview High School; Riverview, New Brunswick Photo 9: Naomi Fortier-Fréçon and Leia Laing, Multi-school project; Regina, Saskatchewan Photo 10: Glen Thielmann, D.P. Todd Secondary School; Prince George, BC #gghistaward  #prixhistoiregg  #canadashistory  #canadianhistory  #history  #governorgeneral  #awards  #educators  #musuems 
An ivory carving of the HBC's S.S. Baychimo made by the Chukchi, a northern indigenous group in Russia.
Image from @manitobamuseum 
In 1931, the SS Baychimo got caught in the ice off Barrow, Alaska, where it was unloaded and abandoned. It did not sink, however, and eventually became known as the “ghost ship of the Arctic” — with sightings of the Baychimo taking place every few years in various parts of the North. Read more with link in bio. .
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#canadianhistory #canadashistory #navalhistory #ghosts #ships #carving #indigenoushistory #materialculture #history
An ivory carving of the HBC's S.S. Baychimo made by the Chukchi, a northern indigenous group in Russia. Image from @manitobamuseum In 1931, the SS Baychimo got caught in the ice off Barrow, Alaska, where it was unloaded and abandoned. It did not sink, however, and eventually became known as the “ghost ship of the Arctic” — with sightings of the Baychimo taking place every few years in various parts of the North. Read more with link in bio. . . . . . . . #canadianhistory  #canadashistory  #navalhistory  #ghosts  #ships  #carving  #indigenoushistory  #materialculture  #history 
Canada’s History Society is sad to say goodbye to the 26 Young Citizens as they head home after the Canada’s History Youth Forum! From October 29th to November 1st these Young Citizens from every province and territory visited cultural institutions in the nation’s capital, and participated in discussions about why history is important! 
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La Société Histoire Canada est triste de dire au revoir aux 26 Jeunes Citoyens, qui rentrent à la maison après le Forum Jeunesse Histoire Canada! Du 29 octobre au 1er novembre, ces Jeunes Citoyens de chaque province et territoire ont visité des institutions culturelles dans la capitale canadienne et ont participé à des discussions sur l’importance de l’histoire. .
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#histoirecanadienne #forumeunesse2017 #histoirecanada #ottawa # Gatineau #histoire #jeunesse #éducation #apprendre #échange #élève #JeunesCitoyens
#canadianhistory #youthforum2017 #canadashistory #ottawa #history #youth #education #learning #exchange #student #YoungCitizens
Canada’s History Society is sad to say goodbye to the 26 Young Citizens as they head home after the Canada’s History Youth Forum! From October 29th to November 1st these Young Citizens from every province and territory visited cultural institutions in the nation’s capital, and participated in discussions about why history is important! _ La Société Histoire Canada est triste de dire au revoir aux 26 Jeunes Citoyens, qui rentrent à la maison après le Forum Jeunesse Histoire Canada! Du 29 octobre au 1er novembre, ces Jeunes Citoyens de chaque province et territoire ont visité des institutions culturelles dans la capitale canadienne et ont participé à des discussions sur l’importance de l’histoire. . . . . . . . . #histoirecanadienne  #forumeunesse2017  #histoirecanada  #ottawa  # Gatineau #histoire  #jeunesse  #éducation  #apprendre  #échange  #élève  #JeunesCitoyens  #canadianhistory  #youthforum2017  #canadashistory  #ottawa  #history  #youth  #education  #learning  #exchange  #student  #YoungCitizens 
Congratulations to this year’s Young Citizens selected to participate in the 2017 Youth Forum! -
Félicitation aux Jeunes Citoyens choisis cette année pour participer au Forum Jeunesse 2017! .
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#canadianhistory #youthforum2017 #canadashistory #ottawa #gatineau #history #youth #education #learning #exchange #student #YoungCitizens #histoirecanadienne #forumeunesse2017 #histoirecanada #histoire #jeunesse #éducation #apprendre #échange #élève #JeunesCitoyens
Congratulations to this year’s Young Citizens selected to participate in the 2017 Youth Forum! - Félicitation aux Jeunes Citoyens choisis cette année pour participer au Forum Jeunesse 2017! . . . . . . .. . #canadianhistory  #youthforum2017  #canadashistory  #ottawa  #gatineau  #history  #youth  #education  #learning  #exchange  #student  #YoungCitizens  #histoirecanadienne  #forumeunesse2017  #histoirecanada  #histoire  #jeunesse  #éducation  #apprendre  #échange  #élève  #JeunesCitoyens 
It’s believed that the first Sikhs to emigrate to Canada were a group of soldiers travelling through the country en route to Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee in England in 1897. Admiring British Columbia’s lush landscape, they chose to stay.

Since then, the Sikh community in Canada has grown to more than 468,000, with more than one third of the population living in British Columbia. A new project in that province is showcasing the stories of Sikh women, whose accomplishments have traditionally been ignored or marginalized by historians.

The Kaur Project, created by Jessie Kaur Lehail and Saji Kaur Sahota, is an online resource filled with stories and photos of women in B.C. with the traditional Sikh name Kaur.

Kaur — meaning prince — is typically adopted by Sikh women as a middle name or surname. It is meant to symbolize gender equality in that religion (men typically adopt the middle name or surname Singh, which means lion). The naming practice began in 1699 as a way of liberating Sikhs from the strict caste system of ancient India. Gender equality is a tenet of the Sikh religion.

Lehail said the Kaur Project gives a voice to Sikh women, whose stories have historically been either untold, or diminished. 
Read the full article with link in bio. 
Pictured: Chanan Kaur - Refugee
PHOTO COURTESY OF THE KAUR PROJECT
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#canadashistory #canadianhistory #sikhhistory #oralhistory #publichistory #community #history #britishcolumbia #kaur #family #women #womenshistory
It’s believed that the first Sikhs to emigrate to Canada were a group of soldiers travelling through the country en route to Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee in England in 1897. Admiring British Columbia’s lush landscape, they chose to stay. Since then, the Sikh community in Canada has grown to more than 468,000, with more than one third of the population living in British Columbia. A new project in that province is showcasing the stories of Sikh women, whose accomplishments have traditionally been ignored or marginalized by historians. The Kaur Project, created by Jessie Kaur Lehail and Saji Kaur Sahota, is an online resource filled with stories and photos of women in B.C. with the traditional Sikh name Kaur. Kaur — meaning prince — is typically adopted by Sikh women as a middle name or surname. It is meant to symbolize gender equality in that religion (men typically adopt the middle name or surname Singh, which means lion). The naming practice began in 1699 as a way of liberating Sikhs from the strict caste system of ancient India. Gender equality is a tenet of the Sikh religion. Lehail said the Kaur Project gives a voice to Sikh women, whose stories have historically been either untold, or diminished. Read the full article with link in bio. Pictured: Chanan Kaur - Refugee PHOTO COURTESY OF THE KAUR PROJECT . . . . . . . #canadashistory  #canadianhistory  #sikhhistory  #oralhistory  #publichistory  #community  #history  #britishcolumbia  #kaur  #family  #women  #womenshistory 
Erecting a Totem Pole
The Gwaii Haanas Legacy Pole is moved to its base on Lyell Island in Haida Gwaii, British Columbia, in 2013. It was the first such pole to be erected in the area in 130 years.
Photo Credit: J. SHAFTO / PARKS CANADA

Photo featured in Rights and Reconciliation essay by Ry Moran. He discusses the question "How do we achieve true reconciliation?" Link to essay in bio.
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#canadianhistory #canadashistory #reconciliation #action #history #totempole #ceremony #haidagwaii #britishcolumbia
Erecting a Totem Pole The Gwaii Haanas Legacy Pole is moved to its base on Lyell Island in Haida Gwaii, British Columbia, in 2013. It was the first such pole to be erected in the area in 130 years. Photo Credit: J. SHAFTO / PARKS CANADA Photo featured in Rights and Reconciliation essay by Ry Moran. He discusses the question "How do we achieve true reconciliation?" Link to essay in bio. . . . . . . #canadianhistory  #canadashistory  #reconciliation  #action  #history  #totempole  #ceremony  #haidagwaii  #britishcolumbia 
We remember Yoichi Kamakura, a Japanese immigrant from B.C., who was killed in action the day after the Battle of Hill 70 ended. Yoichi had received the Military Medal for his skills as a machine gunner.

Soldiers pose while waiting for instructions in Somme, France in 1916. (L-R) Front row: Kanezo Nagao, Yasuzo (George) Shoji, Yoichi Kamakura; Back row: Sakutaro Murta, Kijiro Tokunaga, Takehiko Tokunaga. (Photo: Toronto Japanese Canadian Culture Centre)
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#canadianhistory #canadashistory #greatwaralbum #wwi #fww #firstworldwar #worldwar1 #japanesecanadian #hill70 #somme #france #battle #britishcolumbia #weremember
We remember Yoichi Kamakura, a Japanese immigrant from B.C., who was killed in action the day after the Battle of Hill 70 ended. Yoichi had received the Military Medal for his skills as a machine gunner. Soldiers pose while waiting for instructions in Somme, France in 1916. (L-R) Front row: Kanezo Nagao, Yasuzo (George) Shoji, Yoichi Kamakura; Back row: Sakutaro Murta, Kijiro Tokunaga, Takehiko Tokunaga. (Photo: Toronto Japanese Canadian Culture Centre) . . . . . . #canadianhistory  #canadashistory  #greatwaralbum  #wwi  #fww  #firstworldwar  #worldwar1  #japanesecanadian  #hill70  #somme  #france  #battle  #britishcolumbia  #weremember 
Les modèles de canots, comme celui-ci que l’on peut voir au Musée du Manitoba, étaient des jouets et des objets d’artisanat fort populaires comme monnaie d’échange avec les Européens. Un homme anishinabe, Ahmoo (Bee), a fabriqué ce modèle de 102 cm par 18 cm au début des années 1920. Il reflète le style traditionnel ojibway et est une réplique du canot d’écorce autochtone, qui devient rapidement le mode de transport privilégié des explorateurs et des commerçants de fourrures dans les régions subarctiques et boisées du Canada.

Relativement léger et bien adapté au réseau de rivières local, ces canots sont faciles à réparer avec des matières naturelles, comme de l’écorce pour boucher les trous, des racines d’épinette pour réparer les coutures et de la gomme d’épinette noircie pour imperméabiliser les coutures. Les canots utilisés par les voyageurs étaient de tailles et de modèles différents. Par exemple, le canot du maître, généralement utilisé entre Lachine au Québec et Grand Portage à la tête du lac Supérieur, mesurait en moyenne 2 m par 12 m et pouvait transporter 3,5 tonnes de marchandises. Le plus petit canot du nord, utilisé dans les réseaux de rivières intérieures et dans l’ouest, mesurait environ 1 m par 7 m et pouvait transporter 1,36 tonne de marchandises.
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#histoirecanada #histoirecanadienne #cdnhist #canot #lachine #quebec #anishinabe #manitoba #museum #musee
Les modèles de canots, comme celui-ci que l’on peut voir au Musée du Manitoba, étaient des jouets et des objets d’artisanat fort populaires comme monnaie d’échange avec les Européens. Un homme anishinabe, Ahmoo (Bee), a fabriqué ce modèle de 102 cm par 18 cm au début des années 1920. Il reflète le style traditionnel ojibway et est une réplique du canot d’écorce autochtone, qui devient rapidement le mode de transport privilégié des explorateurs et des commerçants de fourrures dans les régions subarctiques et boisées du Canada. Relativement léger et bien adapté au réseau de rivières local, ces canots sont faciles à réparer avec des matières naturelles, comme de l’écorce pour boucher les trous, des racines d’épinette pour réparer les coutures et de la gomme d’épinette noircie pour imperméabiliser les coutures. Les canots utilisés par les voyageurs étaient de tailles et de modèles différents. Par exemple, le canot du maître, généralement utilisé entre Lachine au Québec et Grand Portage à la tête du lac Supérieur, mesurait en moyenne 2 m par 12 m et pouvait transporter 3,5 tonnes de marchandises. Le plus petit canot du nord, utilisé dans les réseaux de rivières intérieures et dans l’ouest, mesurait environ 1 m par 7 m et pouvait transporter 1,36 tonne de marchandises. . . . . . . . . . #histoirecanada  #histoirecanadienne  #cdnhist  #canot  #lachine  #quebec  #anishinabe  #manitoba  #museum  #musee 
Bale seals were crimped to fur bundles that had been sorted and prepared for exhibition to potential buyers. The earliest seals were made from lead, but these twentieth-century seals were made from processed sheet iron that had been protected from corrosion with some kind of lacquered finish.

The HBC Collection at the Manitoba Museum has a few late-nineteenth- and early twentieth century entury varieties but no examples of earlier lead seals.

How did the seals work? Furs were wrapped in forty-kilogram burlap bundles, and a rope or cord was tied around the exterior. The burlap was stencilled with important information regarding the point of origin and ownership, and the seals were likely crimped around the cord.

Bale seals are one of the most commonly forged Hudson’s Bay Company artifacts on the market, with many crude examples of flat metal pieces with conjoined HBC and beaver iconography mistakenly listed as bale seals.

Above text was written by Amelia Fay, curator of the HBC Collection at the Manitoba Museum.

This article originally appeared in the June-July 2017 issue of Canada’s History.
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#cdnhist #canadashistory #canadianhistory #artifact #museum #collection #materialculture #hbc #hudsonsbaycompany #forgery
Bale seals were crimped to fur bundles that had been sorted and prepared for exhibition to potential buyers. The earliest seals were made from lead, but these twentieth-century seals were made from processed sheet iron that had been protected from corrosion with some kind of lacquered finish. The HBC Collection at the Manitoba Museum has a few late-nineteenth- and early twentieth century entury varieties but no examples of earlier lead seals. How did the seals work? Furs were wrapped in forty-kilogram burlap bundles, and a rope or cord was tied around the exterior. The burlap was stencilled with important information regarding the point of origin and ownership, and the seals were likely crimped around the cord. Bale seals are one of the most commonly forged Hudson’s Bay Company artifacts on the market, with many crude examples of flat metal pieces with conjoined HBC and beaver iconography mistakenly listed as bale seals. Above text was written by Amelia Fay, curator of the HBC Collection at the Manitoba Museum. This article originally appeared in the June-July 2017 issue of Canada’s History. . . . . . #cdnhist  #canadashistory  #canadianhistory  #artifact  #museum  #collection  #materialculture  #hbc  #hudsonsbaycompany  #forgery 
The Wikipedia as Outreach and Activism for Canadian History webinar series continues this week! If you haven't already, you can register now with link in bio. Registering ensures you will receive an email reminder the morning of the webinar and an email with the recording following the webinar. -
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#cdnhist #cdnhistwiki #wikipedia #wikithon #outreach #activism #webinar #encyclopedia #free #education #art #feminism #AGO
We are so pleased to be able to talk with our Board of Directors, special guests, and employees of Canada's History tonight about the Snapshots of Canada exhibition @canmushistory and The Canada's History Archive featuring The Beaver. .
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#canadianhistory #canadashistory #exhibition #archive #thebeaver #museums #archives