History of oil city balikpapan
Balikpapan is one of the cities located in east kalimantan and has a population of about 500,000 inhabitants. Currently, the city of Balikpapan is categorized as one of the largest oil producing regions in Indonesia. That's what makes this city dubbed the "oil city", even one of Pertamina's crude refinery units built in this city.
It all started when J.H Menten and Mr. Adam from Firman Semuel & CO conducted research and finally found a considerable oil content, the Matilda oil well located on the east side of the city of Balikpapan. This well was one of the nine wells that were productive at the time. The first drilling was conducted on February 10, 1897 which is also defined as the birthday of the city of Balikpapan. In fact, on that date only 38 years adrift from the first drilling of oil wells in the world by Edwin L Drake in America.
Matilda well at that time was able to produce crude oil in large quantities, which reached 620,895 barrels. In 1992 J.H Menten's work was taken over by Shell Transport and Trading Company and then refined with a production capacity of 10,000 barrels per day.
From 1990 to 1950, Balikpapan became an oil city that was originally a mining town. This is well-founded, as production in the region continues to increase gradually. Currently, the production of Balikpapan's oil refinery reaches 86 million barrels per year and is likely to increase in the future as domestic fuel needs continue to increase.
Balikpapan is now one of the largest industrial cities in Indonesia, so many service providers and workers are coming to this city. The effect is the increasing number of residents and buildings such as hotels and shopping centers. Excellence of the city of Balikpapan in addition to the oil-producing city that is, has a city forest, cleanliness is quite awake so often get the trophy adipura and the latest is the International Airport that can be traversed by large-bodied aircraft.
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